Best Fields to Study to Get a Federal Government Job

June 17th, 2014 by

Federal-Government-CareersThere are a number of perks associated with working for the federal government. As an employee of the federal government, you might expect to enjoy a level of job security that is not often found in private enterprise.

In addition, employee benefits for federal government staff tend to include impressive health care, a generous leave policy, retirement schemes and flexibility to care for your family or even work from home in some cases.

If you are interested in securing a career in federal government in the future, there are a variety of different ways to prepare.

One of the keys to finding your dream government job is knowing what fields are associated with the federal government and which subjects you can study in order to find employment in the years ahead.

International Relations and Foreign Languages

A large portion of the federal government is made of up security agencies that help to protect the United States and its citizens. Agencies like the CIA, FBI, NSA and Department of Homeland Security all require individuals who have a knowledge of international relations and foreign governments.

Each agency has a variety of different career opportunities that might range from administrative to diplomatic, so there are many skills that can be useful. Learning a foreign language can be a great way to find employment in the federal government, especially if you are interested in studying a language like Farsi, Mandarin or Turkish, all of which are currently in high demand.

To prepare for a career at a government agency like the ones listed above, earning a college degree in subjects like linguistics, foreign languages or international relations can be a smart move.

Law Enforcement and Legal Matters

One of the biggest sectors of the federal government is the police force. Studying law enforcement and earning either an associate or a bachelor’s degree can be a useful way to prepare for a career as a police officer or even in the sheriff’s department. You might also find a career in a border patrol unit or at a major international airport.

If you are more interested in the legal aspect of law enforcement, then earning a law degree can help you prepare for countless careers within the federal government. As a licensed lawyer who has a degree and has passed the bar exam, you might work as a district attorney, as a judge or even in the courthouse as a legal assistant.

If you opt to work in these capacities within the federal government, you can expect demanding yet fulfilling work that makes the country a safer place for you, your friends and your family to live.

Science and Research

Although many scientists and researchers work for private companies, many are also employed by the federal government. There are numerous government agencies and departments that actively seek out the brightest minds in fields like medicine, chemistry and biology in order to make advances in agriculture development, geriatric care and countless fields that affect daily life for Americans.

If you are passionate about environmental science and you specialize in water purification, for example, you might find work at the Environmental Protection Agency. If you are more interested in studying the effects of gene mutations in agriculture crops, you could become a part of the Department of Agriculture.


A big part of a functioning government is having the right infrastructure in place for transportation, business and development. To that end, the United States Government employs numerous engineers who can develop more efficient types of infrastructure, keep costs low and meet the demands of the American people.

You might study civil engineering and create bridges for the Department of Transportation, or you could study mechanical engineering and help the military develop lighter and stronger tanks for use in battle.

If you look to the skies for your inspiration, an aeronautical engineering degree could be used to help you prepare for a career with NASA, or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Computer Science and Technology

Over the past decades, the technological landscape of the world has changed in many ways. One of the most notable is the rise of the Internet, the increasing amount of data stored electronically and the need for online security.

Since most government agencies rely on networks to communicate, store information and protect data, they also need a way to keep all of that information secure.

In the case of agencies like the CIA or the FBI, it is vital to the security of the country that information is kept out of the hands of those who want to hurt the country or its people. For that reason, the federal government is always on the lookout for those with computer science or information technology degrees.

Business and Enterprise

There is a common misconception that earning a business degree is only good for commercial enterprise, but that is not the reality. Business degrees of all types can be a useful way to prepare for a career for the federal government of the United States. Whether you are interested in specializing in accounting, maximizing workplace efficiency or international business and trade, there may be a way for you to utilize your skills in government.

For example, someone who trains to become a CPA, or certified public accountant, may be able to put their financial budgeting skills to use within the Department of the Treasury. Other departments and agencies that look for business graduates might include the Federal Reserve, the Department of Commerce or the Congressional Budget Office.

Helping to keep America in the black is an important job, and the pay can be lucrative for those with the right skill set and formal education.

It should be clear by now that the federal government in the United States requires talented and educated people in all kinds of fields. Whether you are interested in biology, medicine, business or law enforcement, there may be a job for you with a government agency or a department of the federal government.

Across the board, however, is the common denominator of education. Earning traditional campus or online degrees should be your first step toward securing one of the many steady and fulfilling government jobs that exist. Learn more about earning your degree online at


About the Author:

Sandy Davis

Sandy Davis is a long-time educator who holds a Master’s Degree in Education, having taught English, writing, and communication on the secondary and college levels. With ten years of experience in blogging, social media and content management, she is a freelance writer and content marketing specialist for a diverse range of clients.

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