Top 6 Careers in the Field of Information Technology

July 24th, 2014 by

Explore the World of TechnologyDespite the booming population increases around the world, the planet is becoming smaller than ever in many ways. Communication, business and shopping have all changed due to the Internet, and all of that technology leads to new careers and employment opportunities for college graduates.

Information technology, or IT, is all about the systems used for computing and telecommunications. Everything from designing a network database for a company to troubleshooting computing hardware falls under the scope of IT. As a result there is no end to the potential careers in the field.

To be hired as an information technology employee, however, some education in the form of an online associate degree, bachelor’s degree or even certificate will go a long way. The following are six of the top careers to consider within the field of information technology.

1. Software Developer

In a nutshell, a software developer has the job of creating new kinds of software and programs that can be used on computers and even Internet-ready mobile devices or tablets.

This position requires computer knowledge as well as the ability to work independently or with a large team of computer programmers. Many software developers work from home due to the nature of the work, but those who can’t telecommute may work in offices in the headquarters of a computing firm or software company.

Just some of the daily tasks a software developer might handle could include testing new software prototypes, explaining the coding process for programmers to write and researching new methods of software creation.

To become a software developer, a bachelor’s degree is generally accepted as the minimum level of education required, although a master’s degree can certainly increase earning potential substantially.

2. Computer Support Specialist

Anytime you call someone for help with your laptop or email the IT department in your office about problems with the network, there is a good chance that the person who helps you is a computer support specialist.

Sometimes also called a help-desk technician or a technical support specialist, these individuals are trained to troubleshoot and solve some of the most common computer-related problems. Some computer support specialists are employed by large companies, and their days are spent updating computers, answering questions among employees and being available for help or support as needed.

Others, however, may work in a large call center and answer phones or emails with computer and software-related questions. Along with a great understanding of computers, being a computer support specialist requires effective communication skills.

Part of your job description might be explaining a technical issue in basic words that anyone can understand, so having patience and a calm personality will also be helpful for those interested in this particular position.

Having a degree can help secure a job as a computer support specialist, but experience and knowledge also carry a lot of weight.

3. Computer Scientist

At the forefront of information technology are the computer scientists. These individuals, who are nearly always equipped with a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in either information technology or computer science, are responsible for creating new systems, technologies and solutions that can advance the field of computing.

Computer scientists are frequently called information scientists, and they may be employed in government agencies, political groups, nonprofit organizations, engineering firms or software publishing companies.

Although many computer scientists focus on niche areas of the industry, many potential tasks they could encounter during a day at work include researching advanced artificial intelligence, developing new types of computer hardware or providing information for the crossroads of computing and medical research.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, computer scientists can earn an average of $102,190 each year, and they have a positive job outlook with a predicted 15 percent growth over the next decade.

4. Web Developer

An Internet or web developer is tasked with the job of creating websites, domains and even web content. Web developers are definitely in demand through the United States and the world as an increasing number of businesses are opening up online platforms, social media networks and Internet shopping for their customers.

To become a successful web developer, you should have a minimum of an associate degree in information technology or web design as well as the ability to focus on a single project for days and even weeks at a time.

Many web developers are employed in-house, which means that they are paid a salary to create and maintain the websites of a single company, but many more work as freelance developers.

Telecommuting, or working from home, is a common and enjoyable perk of being employed as a web or Internet developer.

5. Network Engineer

A network is a kind of system that helps certain computers, users or programs stay connected. Businesses, Internet providers and most large organizations have their own networks, which are designed to keep information secure and non-authorized users out of the network.

The person in charge of designing, building and then maintaining these networks and servers are called network engineers or computer network architects.

Some of the key skills successful network engineers need to have include analytical thinking skills, the ability to solve problems using new technology and new ideas, solid communication skills and the ability to work with all kinds of people within the company to get the job done.

In addition to having either a bachelor’s or master’s degree in information technology, employers hiring network engineers look for those candidates with 10 years of experience working in network administration or management.

6. Information Systems Manager

In colleges, international businesses, political groups and government agencies, there is no question that technological savvy and oversight are important aspects of success.

To ensure that these businesses and organizations have a cohesive plan for their technological growth as well as all of the right equipment for employees, they often hire an employee with the title of information systems manager.

Unlike some IT staff working for a large organization who help employees on a day to day basis with ordinary computing programs, information systems mangers often take a more supervisory approach.

These managers might be responsible for deciding on what new technology is purchased by a company, determining what devices are too outdated to keep in use, teaching seminars on how to use new technology, software or hardware and even helping other IT professionals stay ahead of new technology.

Getting hired as an information systems manager does typically require a minimum of a bachelor’s degree as well as several years of IT experience.

Information technology is one of the fastest-growing fields of employment. If you have strong computing skills and the desire to get ahead, then a degree in information technology can be the perfect stepping stone to any of these six careers in IT.

If you’re considering advancing your education with the convenience of online learning, visit to find out more about available programs from accredited colleges and universities.

About the Author:

Sandy Davis

Sandy Davis is a long-time educator who holds a Master’s Degree in Education, having taught English, writing, and communication on the secondary and college levels. With ten years of experience in blogging, social media and content management, she is a freelance writer and content marketing specialist for a diverse range of clients.

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